BION

I.
BION
Borysthenites Philosophus, et Sophista callidus, Philosophiam variô orationis flore vestivit. Laertius, l. 4. c. 46. Fertur hic dixifle ad eum, qui fundos suos ingluvie voraverat, Terra Amphiaraum absorbuit, sed terr am tu. Auditor Cratetis fuit. Ad Cynicam sectam prius transiit, sumptô palliô et perâ, deinde ad Theodorea instituta se convertit, tandem Theophrasto Peripatetico se applicuit. Poeseos musicaeque insignis cultor. Antigono, Macedoniae Regi genealogiam facete texuit, illum servi ex scorto filium dicens. Plut. Diog. Laert. in eius vita. loc. cit. Reliquit commentarios plures, qui non exstant, Apophthegmata item plura. Suidas. Fuerunt et alii Biones novem, de quibus vide Laertium. Ex horum numero quartus, e Democriti familia, Mathematicus Abderitanus, primus certas esse regiones docuit, in quibus semestri diei, aequalis nox succederet. Sextus Rhetor. 9. libros sctipfit, Musarum nominibus insignitos. Hinc Bioneus. Horat. Ep. l. 2. ep. 2. v. 60.
Ille Bioneis scrmonibus, et sale nigrô.
Ubi Bionei sermones Satyrae sunt, explicante Turnebô l. 21. c. 8. Sed quaeramus (inquit Marcilius) deinde, cur Satyrae hi sermones dicerentur. Quia, inquiunr, Bion ille Borysthenites insigni dicacitate fuit. Sed quid obsecro Philosopho cum Satyra? aut cur a Bione, homine dicace, magis Satzras indigitare Bioneos sermones voluit Horatius, quam aliô, cum vel sexcenti exstiterint facile Bione illô diecaciores, et Salibus nigris adfluentiores. Haec itaque non successit, aliâ aggrediendum viâ. Satzrae autem Bionei sermones a Bione Poeta Satzrico, de quo Laertius in Bione. Quô pactô inquies? Nec enim Bion Satyricus ibi ullus, sed Tarsicus quidam Poêta: Βίων, ποιητὴς τραγωδίας τῶ Ταρςικῶν λεγομένων. Adversaria, ubi supra rescripsêre Θαρςικῶν Tragoediarum videlicet genus fuisse unum, quod a conviciandi audacia tharsicum diceretur; At mihi tam liquet quam meridie ipsô, hoc iam lucere, Diogenis manu scriptum fuisse τῶ Σατυρικῶν λεγομένων. Bene hoc inquies: sed quô pactô esse Tragicus idem Poeta et Satyricus potest? Tragoedia est duples una mera, altera, mixta sive Tragoedia Satyrica, in qua partim Tragicae, partim Satyricae personae fuerunt, cuiusmodi Sophoclis Tragoedia, quam laudat Interpres Apollonii ad l. 1. Argon. Nempe So. phoclem εν κωφοῖς Σατύροις, in Satyris surdis. Hoc genus Tragoediae inventum est, quemadmodum Horat. tradit Epistolâ ad Pisones, ut Tragicarum personarum severitas, Satyrorum risu, procaciâ, et dicacitate dilueretur. Hinc ergo et apud Vitruvium l. 5. c. 8. scena triplex ponitur, Tragica, Comica, et Satyrica. Atque haec illa quae Σατυρικὰ δράματα Origenes vocavit, l. 7. contra Celsum. Τὰ Σατυρικὰ, inquit, δράματα ἐμποιεῖ γέλωτας. Isacius prolegomenis ad Lycophronem, Ἡ μὲν Τραγωδία ςθρήνους μόνον ἔχει, καὶ ὀιμωγὰς, ἡ δὲ Σατυρικὴ ςυγκιρνᾷ ταῖς ὀλοφύρςεςιν ἱλαρότητα, καὶ ἀπὸ δακρύων εἰς χαρὰν καταντᾶν εἴωθε. Nic. Lloydius.
II.
BION
Solensis, Aethiopica conscripsit. Est hic quintus eius nominis apud Laertium in Bione. Testimoniô huius quoque Plinius utitur, cum alibi, tum l. 6. c. 29. ubi inter illos refertur, qui mensuram Aethiopiae tradiderunt. Idem videtur, ex quo Plut. in Theseo, narrat, Antiopam Amazonem, a Theseo fuisse captam. Item is, quem de Belitara, reguum Assyrium, cum Semiramidis stirps desiisset, occupante, literis consignâsse, Agathias narrat l. 2. Hist. suae. At alius, puto, Bion est, qui τὰς διατριβὰς feripsit, ex quibus Laertius refert, Aristippum, famulô gestante magnam pecuniae vim, ac de gravitate oneris querente, iussisse, ut effunderet, quod portare non posset. Alius quoque a Solensi illo videtur Caecilius Bion, de quo Plinius l. 18. c. 13. Voss. Hist. Graec. l. 3. p. 336.
III.
BION
corrupte pro Baeo. Doridis urbs. Ptol. Βοῖον habet Stephanus, qui ab Homero Boebin dici tradit.
IV.
BION
ex exercitu Darii, cum proelium ad Arbela committendum esset, ad Alexandrum transfuga, qui nuntiavit, murices ferreos in terram defodisse Darium, qua Alexandrum equites emissurum esse credebat. Curt. l. 4. c. 13.

Hofmann J. Lexicon universale. 1698.

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  • BION (W. R.) — La figure de Bion, principal disciple de Melanie Klein, est celle d’un grand penseur du mouvement psychanalytique. Revenant à la source des premiers grands travaux de Sigmund Freud (1895, 1900, 1911), son principal mérite est d’avoir développé,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bion 10 — (Cosmos 2229), a C.I.S. spacecraft, was launched by a Soyuz U rocket from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. It was part of the Bion program. It carried two monkeys and several insects, amphibians, plants, and cell cultures. Participating scientists were… …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 4 — (Cosmos 936) was a Bion satellite. The mission involved nine countries, including the United States, in a series of biomedical research. The experiments were primarily followups to the Bion 3 (Cosmos 782) flight. The mission ended after 19.5 days …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 1 — (Cosmos 605; Russian: Бион 1, Космос 605) was a Bion satellite. It carried several dozen rats, six boxes of tortoises, a mushroom bed, four beetles, and living bacterial spores. It provided data on the reaction of mammal, reptile, insect, fungal …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 2 — was a Bion satellite launched by the Soviet Union on October 22, 1974 at 1800 hours UTC. It carried albino rats for biomedical research. Soviet, Czechoslovak, and Romanian scientists subjected the rats to daily radiation doses from a gamma source …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 5 — (Cosmos 1129) was a Bion satellite. It was a biomedical research mission involving scientists from nine countries. Among the experiments was the first attempt to breed mammals in space, which proved unsuccessful. The mission ended after 18.5 days …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 8 — (Cosmos 1887) was a Bion satellite. It carried scientific instruments for continuing research into the effects of spaceflight on monkeys and other biological objects, radiation safety, and physics. Research and experiments were also carried out,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bion 9 — (Cosmos 2044) was a biomedical research mission involving nine countries and ESA. It was part of the Bion program. Eighty experiments were conducted in such categories as motion sickness, reproduction and regeneration, immunology, and readaption… …   Wikipedia

  • Bion — steht für Bion von Abdera, antiker Mathematiker Bion von Borysthenes, antiker Philosoph Bion von Prokonessos, antiker Historiker Bion von Smyrna, hellenistischer Dichter Bion von Soloi, antiker Historiker Peter Bion (1684 1735), Textilunternehmer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bion 4 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bion 4 / Cosmos 936 Organización Unión Soviética Estado Retornado a la Tierra Fecha de lanzamiento 3 de agosto de 1977 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bion 1 — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bion 1 / Cosmos 605 Organización Unión Soviética Estado Retornado a la Tierra Fecha de lanzamiento 31 de octubre de 1973 …   Wikipedia Español

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